Elecampane Root (Inula helenium)

Description of Elecampane Root (Inula helenium)

Elecampane root, scientifically termed Inula helenium, stands tall with an erect stem, reaching heights between 90–150 cm (35–59 in). Its leaves are sizable, toothed, and come in various shapes, including egg-shaped, elliptical, or lance-shaped, measuring up to 30 cm (12 in) in length and 12 cm (4.7 in) in width. The upper side of the leaves presents a lush green color with scattered hairs, while the underside boasts a whitish hue due to a thick layer of wool. Its flower heads, spanning up to 5 cm (2 inches) broad, consist of yellow ray flowers and yellow disc flowers.

  • Elecampane root’s stem stands tall with a robust structure, providing stability and support.
  • Its leaves vary in shape and size, contributing to the plant’s distinctive appearance.
  • The flower heads showcase vibrant yellow hues, attracting pollinators like bees and butterflies.

The root of elecampane is notable for its thickness, branching pattern, and mucilaginous texture. It carries a bitter taste and emits a fragrant aroma reminiscent of camphor with sweet floral undertones akin to violet.

  • Elecampane root’s thickness and branching contribute to its resilience and vigor.
  • Its mucilaginous nature adds moisture and texture to herbal formulations.

Natural Habitat:
Elecampane finds its origins in Eurasia, spanning from Spain to Xinjiang province in western China, and has also naturalized in parts of North America. It thrives in diverse environments such as fields, parks, roadsides, and sunny pastures. This perennial herb flourishes in regions across Europe and Asia, adding a touch of vibrancy to borders with its large tuberous rootstock and vivid green toothed leaves. The plant blooms from July to September, exhibiting its beauty across various geographical locations.

  • Elecampane’s adaptability allows it to thrive in a range of habitats and climates.
  • Its perennial nature ensures lasting presence and resilience against changing environmental conditions.
  • The plant’s blooming season from July to September marks a period of enhanced visual appeal and ecological significance.

Elecampane root has a long history of medicinal use, particularly for respiratory ailments. It is also used as a flavoring agent for foods and beverages. The root contains high concentrations of inulin and has been traditionally used for various health conditions.

These descriptions provide insight into the appearance of elecampane root and its natural habitat where it thrives across different regions in Eurasia and North America.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elecampane
[2] https://www.ediblewildfood.com/elecampagne.aspx
[3] https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/e/elecam07.html
[4] https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/elecampane-root
[5] https://www.herbalreality.com/herb/elecampane/